Icon-rpm.png
This article is about a/an ranger in Engine Sentai Go-Onger.

"Mach Full Force!! Go-On Red!"
―Go-On Red's roll call[src]

"Hyper Go-On Red, tune-up! Go-On!"
―Hyper Go-On Red's roll call[src]

Sosuke Esumi (江角 走輔 Esumi Sōsuke) is Go-On Red (ゴーオンレッド Gōon Reddo) of the Go-Ongers. Nicknamed the "Speed King," was formerly a race car driver training under Tojiro Fuji.

Biography

Go-Onger

Possessing a sunny disposition, he was referred to by his racing team as "Miracle Esumi" for his belief in miracles. Unyielding to the point of obstinance and always full of confidence, he confronts all obstacles without hesitation. He is often seen flipping a Go-Onger coin for good luck. When Engine Speedor becomes rusted, Sōsuke crosses paths with his former mentor, who aids him by reminding him that a miracle takes more than one person to make by himself. He is very protective of his teammates; when Saki Rouyama expresses that she wants to be pretty for a boyfriend who will appreciate her and makes a date with a young musician not long after, Sōsuke worries that she intends to leave the team to get married.GP 06: The Maiden's Heart

Encountering the Gekiranger, the Go-Ongers lose the Engine Souls to the Gaiark and Meka. With Jan Kandou's help, Sōsuke manages to gain Geki. With Engine-Ken, a new type of Geki fighting fist, he was able to access his beast spirit (which turned out to be Speedor). With this he performs GekiSpeedor Saber Straight (with Road Saber) and the Doru Doru Dan (with the Mantan Gun). Engine Sentai Go-Onger vs. Gekiranger

Sōsuke is thought to secretly like Miu Sutou. While under the influence of a Barbaric Machine Clan Gaiark energy drink, he gives her a ring.GP 30: Punch of Friendship However, when the other Go-Ongers subtly tell Sosuke that Miu is attracted to helpless men and that Sosuke is one of them, he is shocked to hear this. GP 42: Campus Secret After the final battle, Sōsuke returns to racing, but because of his long absence from the racing circuit, he has to start from the bottom as a go-kart driver.GP Final: Road of Justice

After transforming into Go-On Red, Sōsuke says, "Mach Full Force!! Go-On Red" (マッハ全開!!ゴーオンレッド Mahha Zenkai!! Gōon Reddo). Sōsuke and Speedor say, "The Burning Crimson Speed Kings!! We are the Go-On Mach Team" (真っ赤に燃えるスピードキング!!俺達ゴーオンマッハ組 Makka ni Moeru Supīdo Kingu!! Ore-tachi Gōon Mahha-gumi).

With his high speed abilities, he uses the Mantan Gun in Rod Mode to perform the Go-On Thrust (ゴーオンスラスト Gōon Surasuto), which skewers multiple enemies, and the Spin Rod Crash (スピンロッドクラッシュ Supin Roddo Kurasshu), a right slash attack. With the Road Saber, he can perform the Saber Straight (サーベルストレート Sāberu Sutorēto), Saber Straight Go-On Rendezvous (サーベルストレート・ゴーオンランデブー Sāberu Sutorēto Gōon Randebū, with the Rocket Dagger), and Saber Spin Crash (サーベルスピンクラッシュ Sāberu Supin Kurasshu). With Go-On Blue with the Cowl Laser and Go-On Yellow with the Bridge Axe, he can perform Go-On Bond Spirits (ゴーオンキズナスピリッツ Gō-on Kizuna Supirittsu) with the Switch Jet Sword Rocket Daggers.

Shinkenger vs. Go-Onger

Takeru Shiba was fighting with Sousuke Esumi to save Bomper and Ji. Additionally, Sosuke borrows the Kyoryu Disk to become Hyper Go-On Red.Samurai Sentai Shinkenger vs. Go-Onger: GinmakuBang!!

Gokaiger

Legend War

Over a year later, Sosuke fought alongside not only his own team, but every single Sentai ranger in existence, against the Empire of Zangyack when it attacked the Earth in the Great Legend War. After fighting against hundreds of Gormin and their Zgormin commanders. Akarenger noticed the fleet moving towards them, he gathered all the Rangers together and gave them the order to sacrifice their powers to wipe out the first invasion's armada. Ep. 1: The Space Pirates Appear Gokaiger Goseiger Super Sentai 199 Hero Great Battle

Machalcon

Sosuke returned in Gokaiger to assist the Gokaigers when BOMPER requests to be taken to him after appearing on the Gokai Galleon. After he is told of the situation in the Gunman World, and the Gokaigers refuse to help, Sosuke dons on his Go-Onger uniform for one last time. Using a trampoline and pole, Sosuke tried to get through the dimensional portal that leads there by himself, to no avail, until the Gokaigers changed their minds and let him go aboard the Gokai Galleon. Despite having lost his powers as Go-On Red, Sōsuke still manages to hold his own against a troop of Ugatz. During this situation, he finds out his partner, Engine Speedor and Engine Bearrv had gotten married and was surprised to find out that they also had a son.Ep. 35: Dimension on the Other Side

However, even though the crisis in the Gunman World had been averted with Barbaric Officer Chirakashizky's defeat, there was still Pollution President Babatcheed to deal with but, since he closed off the portal back to the Human World and the available Engines had not enough power to break through, they had to head to Machine World to convince Speedor and Bear RV's son, Machalcon, to help them. Despite Sosuke's emotional pleas, Machalcon refused to stop and was only tamed when Gokai-Oh (without its legs) forced itself on him. After having helped the Gokaigers fully conquer the Go-Onger's Greater Power (previously conceded to them by Saki) and defeat Babatcheed, Sosuke parts ways with the pirates, going back to being an auto racer.Ep. 36: Partner Pirate

Farewell Space Pirates

After the Gokaigers defeated the Zangyack, Miu got her powers back, it is assumed Sosuke and his team have their powers back as well. Final Ep.: Farewell Space Pirates

Super Hero Taisen

The Go-Ongers, alongside the Gekirangers, Gorengers (bar Akarenger), Goseigers, and Shinkengers, emerge through a dimensional wall.

Sosuke, alongside his team (the Go-On Wings were absent), among the majority of the Super Sentai heroes, was caught up in the "Super Hero Taisen" incident which eventually resulted in the Super Sentai teams and Kamen Riders joining forces to defeat both Dai-Zangyack and Dai-Shocker. During the final battle, he is seen in the background fighting Go-Jaaza-Gi. He and the other Go-Ongers later teamed up with Kiva to destroy each otherss past enemies. Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen

Zyuohger vs. Ninninger

Go-On Red among the 38 Red warriors.

The first 38 Sentai projected into Wild Tousai Shuriken King.

Go-On Red appeared as part of a conference of the first 38 Reds led by Red Falcon, whom addressed the Ninningers and Zyuohgers as the greater Super Sentai pantheon intervened to save them from defeat at the hands of the titanic Gillmarda. Empowering the Combination Nin Shuriken to form Wild Tousai Shuriken King, the first 38 Super Sentai further imbued their successors with the power to perform the Zyuoh Ninnin Super Sentai Burst, destroying Gillmarda with the combined power of all 40 Super Sentai. Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger vs. Ninninger: Message from the Future from Super Sentai

Super Sentai Strongest Battle

Sosuke joined the Super Sentai Strongest Battle as a member of Vehicle Team. In the second round, Sosuke and Bouken Silver fought AkaNinger and Sasori Orange of Oddball Team. Although his duo was having the upper hand in the fight, Sosuke and Eiji accidentally crashed into each other and were knocked out of transformation. While they were busy arguing, Oddball Team was able to grab the gem and win the battle. Disappointed, Sosuke told his successors to continue to race down the road of justice, before disappearing. Battle1: Who is the Strongest in History!?

Appearances in other media

TV

Hand-Offs

GekiRed runs to Go-On Red, waving at him, and gives him a high five. Like a car, Go-On Red dashes off while GekiRed waves at him again. Lesson 49: Zun-Zun! The Beast-Fist, for All Time...

Gekiranger_to_Go-onger_-_Passing_of_the_Torch-0

Gekiranger to Go-onger - Passing of the Torch-0

Go-On Red and Shinken Red draw their swords (Road Saber and Rekka Daizantou) and their swords clash, producing a cloud of red smoke. Go-On Red wishes Shinken Red luck, and both Rangers turn their attention toward the viewers. This is the only hand-off thus far where both Reds are not in the "black room" and are interacting in the real world. (In the Magiranger/Boukenger hand-off, only MagiRed was in the real world) GP Final: Road of Justice

Akibaranger

In the second episode of Hikonin Sentai Akibaranger, when the Akibarangers drive Machine Itashar, Nobuo Akagi (AkibaRed) says that they're going to the scene at Mach Speed, a reference to Sosuke's catchphrase.

Stage Shows

Akibaranger Episode 14

Go-On Red appeared with Shinken Red and Gosei Red in the stage show Akibaranger Episode 14 to grant the Inordinate Power of their teams to the Akibarangers. The Go-Ongers' Inordinate Power turned him into a Checker Flag.

Net movies

Super Hero Taihen

Go-On Red as the "Onger Representative".

Go-On Red appears as the "Onger Representative" (オンジャー代表 Onjā Daihyō) in the Super Hero TaihenIcon-crosswiki.png net movie The Grown-ups’ Narumi Detective AgencyIcon-crosswiki.png Ep. 2: What’s a “Kaiger”?Icon-crosswiki.png, which exposes the shortening on the term "Ranger" in recent Sentai series.

He also appears in the net movie Super Sentai Murder Mystery! You’re the Great Detective!, holding Kamen Rider Decade'sIcon-crosswiki.png Rider CardsIcon-crosswiki.png as one of several Rangers and Riders holding Kamen Rider and Super Sentai merchandise respectively, when the Go-Busters explain to the net movie director and murder culprit Hiroyuki Kato that all of Super Sentai love Riders and vice versa.

Video Game

Super Sentai Battle: Ranger Cross

Go-On Red (Super Sentai Battle: Ranger Cross).

Go-On Red appears with his team in Super Sentai Battle: Ranger Cross.

Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O

Go-On Red as depicted in Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O.

  • Profile
Sosuke Esumi/Go-On Red: to be added
Sosuke Esumi/Hyper Go-On Red: to be added


Super Sentai Battle Base

Go-On Red is among the vast pantheon of Rangers which are avaliable in the mobile game Super Sentai Battle Base, with his Hyper Go-On Red form also being avaliable, as well as a Go-On Red Santa version.

Super Sentai Legend Wars

Go-On Red Card

Go-On Red appears with his team among all Sentai in the mobile game Super Sentai Legend Wars.


Go-On Red

Hyper Go-On Red

Go-On Red uses the Kyoryu Disk on the Mantan Gun to become Hyper Go-On Red (ハイパーゴーオンレッド Haipā Gōon Reddo). In this form, Go-On Red's Mantan Gun gains the same powers as the Kyoryumaru.

Arsenal

Mecha


Legend Sentai Devices

The Go-On Red Ranger Key.

The Go-On Red Ranger Key (ゴーオンレッドレンジャーキー Gōon Reddo Renjā Kī) is Sosuke Esumi's personal Ranger Key and what became of his powers after he along with the rest of the 34 Super Sentai sacrificed their powers to end the Great Legend War.

This key along with the majority of the Ranger Keys were collected by the Red Pirates and later used by the Gokaigers. The Go-On Red Ranger Key was mainly used by Captain Marvelous (Gokai Red), who used it to fight as Go-On Red. It was also used by Gai Ikari on two occasions.

After Zangyack were finally defeated, the Gokaigers gave the Ranger Keys back to their rightful owners. It is presumed that Sosuke received his key and became Go-On Red once more.


Go-OngerSoul


Go-OngerSoul (Knight Mode)


The Go-OngerSoul (ゴーオンジャーソウル GōonjāSōru) as yet only exists as an unused sound in the Ryusoulgers' Ryusoul Ken.[1][2]


Gallery

Behind the scenes

Portrayal

Sosuke Esumi is portrayed by Yasuhisa Furuhara (古原 靖久 Furuhara Yasuhisa). As a child, he is portrayed by Hiroto Terui (照井 宙斗 Terui Hiroto). In Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen, Go-On Red's voice was provided by Junya Ikeda (池田 純矢 Ikeda Jun'ya), who plays Gai Ikari/Gokai Silver in Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger.

As Go-On Red, his suit actor was Hirofumi Fukuzawa (福沢 博文 Fukuzawa Hirofumi). In Engine Sentai Go-Onger: 10 Years Grand Prix, he was portrayed by Shinsuke Kusano (草野 伸介 Kusano Shinsuke).

In the video game Super Sentai Battle: Ranger Cross, Go-On Red was voiced by Kenji Akabane (赤羽 根健治 Akabane Kenji).

Dub names

In the Korean dub of Go-Onger entitled Power Rangers Engine Force, which aired in South Korea, Sosuke is known as Maha, while his Ranger designation is Engine Red.

Notes

  • Sosuke's Go-On Red outfit references two previous bird-themed warriors:
    • His helmet is reminiscent of Yusuke Amamiya's Red Falcon helmet.
    • He is the second hero who is connected to the condor, after Gai Yuki.
  • He is the the first Sentai Hero who has used a power-up mode from a different Sentai team. The next would be a few of the Ryusoulgers.
  • He is the second Sentai hero to have a winged number 1 in his costume, the first one being Akarenger.
  • He is the only male Go-Onger to appear in Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger.
  • Sosuke's comment of becoming a space pirate with the Gokaigers, being called Gokai Fire is a reference to TimeFire.
  • Sosuke is often known for his heavily styled, anime-like hair. In later appearances, his hairstyle steadily begins to simplify, and by the time of 10 Years Grand Prix has relaxed into a normal hairstyle.

Go-On Red Zyudenchi

  • Go-On Red represents the Go-Ongers for the Go-Onger Zyudenchi that was released as part of the Legend Sentai Zyudenchi line of Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger.
  • Sosuke has the record for the most amount of engine partners, with a total of four.

Appearances


See Also

External links

References


Icon-rpm.png Engine Sentai Go-Onger
Rangers
Go-Ongers: Sosuke Esumi - Renn Kousaka - Saki Rouyama - Hant Jou - Gunpei Ishihara
Go-On Wings: Hiroto Sutou - Miu Sutou
Gear:
Go-Phone - Shift Changer - Wing Trigger - Souls - Mantan Gun - Handle Blaster - Rocket Dagger - Wing Booster - Road Saber - Garage Launcher - Racing Bullet - Bridge Axe - Cowl Laser - Super Highway Buster - Kankanbar - Kankan Mantan Gun
Allies:
Bomper
Engines: Engine Speedor - Engine Bus-on - Engine BearRV - Engine Birca - Engine Gunpherd - Engine Carrigator - Engine Toripter - Engine Jetras - Engine Jum-bowhale - Engine Kishamoth - Engine T-line - Engine K-line - Engine Retsu-Taka - Engine Shishi-no-Shin - Engine Tsuki-no-Wa
Gekirangers - Shinkengers - Gokaigers
Robos
Engine-O - GunBir-O - Engine-O G6 - Seikuu-O - Engine-O G9 - Kyoretsu-O - Engine-O G12 - GoRoader GT - Engine Dai-Shogun - Engine-O G7
Banki Clan Gaiark
Pollution President Batcheed - Pollution President Babatcheed (Gokaiger) - Crime Minister Yogoshimacritein - Cleaning Minister Kireizky - Danger Cabinet-Director Chirakasonne - Land Pollution Minister Yogostein - Land Pollution Vice-Minister Hiramechimedes - Air Pollution Minister Kitaneidas - Water Pollution Minister Kegalesia - Ugatz - Barbaric Dohma - Barbaric Dohma SP
Barbaric Machine Beasts
Incinerator Banki - Pipe Banki - Scoop Banki - Spray Banki - Magnet Banki - Speaker Banki - Bombe Banki - Boring Banki - Lens Banki - Mirror Banki - Antenna Banki - Generator Banki - Trigger Banki - Pot Banki - Oil Banki - Rock Blast Banki - Vacuum Banki - Saw Banki - Chainsaw Banki - Balloon Banki - Spinning Banki - Dowsing Banki - Manhole Banki - Hammer Banki - Straw Banki - Drill Banki - Heater Banki - Engine Banki - Nunchuck Banki - Shower Banki - Yatai Banki - Bin Banki/Mahobin Banki - Dumbbell Banki - Kettei Banki
Banki Clan Arelunbra Family
Water Pollution Prince Nigorl zo Arelunbra - Water Pollution Machine Knight Uzumaquixote
Eleki Clan Zontark
Noizoon - Grayzky - Noizumi Children
Other Villains
Empress Maki - Raiken - Gokumaru - Rairaiken - Gokugokumaru - Hirameki Bakki - Lumbiaco - Barbaric Machine Clan Horonderthal - Wameikle
ViewEdit
Icon-gokaiger.png Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger
Rangers
Captain Marvelous - Joe Gibken - Luka Millfy - Don Dogoier - Ahim de Famille - Gai Ikari
Gear
Mobilates - Gokai Cellular - Ranger Keys - Greater Powers - Gokai Saber - Gokai Gun - Gokai Spear - GokaiGalleon Buster
Allies
Navi - AkaRed - Key thief - Kozo Kasugai - Komaki Kasugai - Jealousto - Cain - Sayo Kinoshita - Retsu Ichijouji - Shinkengers - Goseigers - Tsukasa Kadoya - Go-Busters - Kyoryugers - Eiji HinoIcon-crosswiki.png - 199 Super Sentai - Zyuohgers
Gokai nav.png Legend Rangers
Tsuyoshi Kaijo - Soukichi Banba - Shirou Akebono - Daigoro Oume - Takayuki Hiba - Kanpei Kuroda - Rei Tachibana - Shirou Gou - Shou Hayate - Dai - Akira - Joh Ohara - Riki Honoo - Remi Hoshikawa - Gai Yuki - Sharma Tribe Knight Goushi - Ryo of the Heavenly Fire Star - Shoji of the Heavenly Gravity Star - Kazu of the Heavenly Time Star - Tsuruhime - Ninjaman - Goro Hoshino - Momo Maruo - Kyosuke Jinnai - Signalman - Kenta Date - Ryouma - Hyuuga - Matsuri Tatsumi - Shou Tatsumi - Domon - Kakeru Shishi - Yousuke Shiina - Nanami Nono - Kouta Bitou - Yukito Sanjyou - Mikoto Nakadai - Banban Akaza - Marika Reimon - Koume Kodou - Doggie Kruger - Kai Ozu - Houka Ozu - Satoru Akashi - Jan Kandou - Sosuke Esumi - Saki Rouyama - Miu Sutou - Chiaki Tani - Genta Umemori - Kaoru Shiba
Legend Allies
Heavenly Saint Flagel - Master Sha-Fu - Toshizo Tanba - Nozomu Amachi - Emiri Sanjyou - BOMPER - Engine Speedor - Engine Bus-on - Engine BearRV - Honami Moriyama - Mirai Moriyama - Shuchirou Amachi - Yuka Yamazaki
Mecha, Legend Mecha and Robos
Mecha
GokaiGalleon - GokaiJet - GokaiTrailer - GokaiRacer - GokaiMarine - GoZyuDrill
Legend Mecha
MagiDragon - Patstriker - GaoLion - Karakuri Warrior Fūraimaru - Engine Machalcon - Variblune
Robos
GokaiOh - GoZyuJin - Kanzen GokaiOh
Space Empire Zangyack
Emperor Ackdos Gill
Commandant Warz Gill - Development Technical Officer Insarn - Chief of Staff Damaras - Special Duty Officer Barizorg - Great Scientist Zaien - Bacchus Gill - Gormin Sailors - Non-commissioned Officers Sugormin - Dogormin Bodyguards
Basco ta Jolokia - Sally - Ranger Key Clones - Kiaido
Action Commanders
Shikabanen - Bongan - Salamandam - Zodomas - Buramudo - Nanonanoda - Sneak Brothers - Bowser - Yokubarido - Zaggai - Almadon - Osogain - Uorlian - Stargull - Senden - Regaeru - Daiyarl - Shieldon - Zakyura - Vannain - Bibaboo - Juju - Waredonaiyer
Imperial Guard
Deratsueigar - Zatsurig - Dyrandoh
Giant Battle Pseudo-Lifeforms
Liquidroid Wateru - Moonroid Tsukki - Fireroid Meran - Soilroid Dororin - Woodroid Moririn - Goldroid Geronpa - Sunroid Solar
Past Sentai Villains
Black Cross Führer - Creator King Ryuuwon - Pollution President Babatcheed - Barbaric Officer Chirakashizky - Sandaaru Jr. - Satarakura Jr. - Pachacamac XIII - Shitari of the Bones - Metal Alice - Zan-KT0 of the Shot - Baseball Mask - Rainian Agent Abrella - Brajira of the Messiah - Crime Minister Yogoshimacritein - Danger Cabinet-Director Chirakasonne - Cleaning Minister Kireizky - Hades Wise God Dagon - Hades Warrior God Ifrit - Hades Warrior God Cyclops
Past Foot Soldiers:
Combined Combatant
Zolders - Crimers - Cutmen - Dustlers - Machinemen - Spotmen - Tail Soldiers - Mechaclones - Hidrer Soldiers - Zolohs - Ungler Soldiers - Jimmers - Wular Soldiers - Batzler Soldiers - Grinam Soldiers - Golem Soldiers - Cotpotros - Dorodoros - Barlo Soldiers - Combatant Wumpers - Soldiers Kunekune - Seamen Yartots - Familiars Imps - Junk Droid Zenitts - Orgettes - Genin Magerappa - Barmia Soldiers - Anaroids - Batsuroids - Igaroids - Zobils - Combatant Karths - Dragonoid Soldier Jaryuu - Rinshi - Barbaric Machine Soldiers Ugatz - Nanashi Company - Nosakamata - Demon Bug Soldiers Bibi
Other Villains
Los Dark - Fake GokaiOh - Gavan BootlegIcon-crosswiki.png - Chief of Makuu Prison Ashurada - Dai-Zangyack - Dai-ShockerIcon-crosswiki.png - Enter - Escape - Buglars - Space ShockerIcon-crosswiki.png - RaiderIcon-crosswiki.png - Demon King PsychoIcon-crosswiki.png - Army of Resurrected Monsters - Space IronmenIcon-crosswiki.png - Bangray
ViewEdit
Red Rangers
Identities
Main Series
TsuyoshiGoroMasaoIppeiRyuusukeTakayukiKen'ichiHokutoShirouHiryuuJin
TakeruYusukeRikiGakuRyuGekiRyoSasukeGoroKyosukeKentaRyoumaMatoi
TatsuyaRyuyaKakeruYousukeRyougaBanKaiSatoruJanSosukeTakeruKaoruAlata
MarvelousHiromuDaigoRightTakaharuYamatoLuckyKairiKeiichiroKohJuruJuran
Spin-Offs
NobuoTakumaJuyong

Secondary Rangers
NaotoIkkouIsamuAkaRedTsurugi

Misc. Rangers
Eagle agentDummy Spade AceDeathdark RedGinga RedShadow Red HawkDora MirageChouryou
Copy RyuuRangerRyo's grandsonSS PamaanNeziRedCopy TimeRedCopyRedShade GaoRed
SatarakuraFake HurricaneRedFake KabutoRaigerSharkurumargueriteGyokuAssamEvil MagiRed
Evil Bouken RedKarthRetsudoResshinIoriSakuyaYukiyasuKoshinariAtsuhide
KatsunoshinAkitsuguAritsuguArishigeMorinobuSeisukeAkiraKōichirōYōjirōMasataka
HiromuEnterDai-kunDark AkaNingerYoshitakaTsumujiCetusYoshiharu

Power Sets
Main Series
AkarengerSpade AceBattle JapanDenziRedVulEagleGoggleRedDynaRedRed1ChangeDragon
Red FlashRed MaskRed FalconRed TurboFiveRedRed HawkTyrannoRangerRyuuRangerNinjaRed
OhRedRed RacerMegaRedGingaRedGoRedTimeRedTimeFireGaoRedHurricaneRedKabutoRaiger
AbaRedDekaRedMagiRedWolzard FireBouken RedAkaRedGekiRedGo-On RedShinken Red
Gosei RedGokai RedRed BusterRed CheetahKyoryu RedToQ 1gouAkaNinger
Zyuoh Eagle/Gorilla/WhaleShishi RedHouou SoldierLupin RedPatren 1gouRyusoul RedKirama RedZenkaiZyuran
Spin-Offs
AkibaRedBrave Red Dino

ViewEdit
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.